Men's Hair Anatomy & Structure

What is HAIR Anatomy?

We all have preconceived notions of how our hair should look. Amplified by media and our expectations, our hair is embedded into our identity. But what exactly is hair? Hair is just one part of our complex biological framework, which is why it's unsettling when we start losing it. At Daniel Alain Life Sciences, we understand the importance of hair health, and the role hair plays in masculinity and self-esteem.

Millions of men experience some form of hair loss in their lifetime, and it's inevitable to feel anger, guilt, and even shame. We're here to equip you with the right tools, resources, and solutions.

First, it's important to understand the complexities of your hair, how it grows, and why for many men, it falls out. 


When we talk about hair loss, we're addressing an entire bioactive ecosystem involving the scalp, hair follicles, cells within the follicles, hair growth cycle, and strands. There are steps we can take to preserve our hair follicles, stimulate growth, and prevent hair loss. Still, real-life challenges can disrupt the hair growth cycle and result in hair loss.

To fully understand the complexities of men's hair loss, we need to look at hair anatomically, as well as factors that influence hair health.


Given the emphasis on full, voluminous hair, it might come as a shock that hair strands are dead. The opposite is true for the hair follicles, which contain a cycle of active cellular life. These cells conduct vital biochemical activity that regulates the hair growth cycle.

Within the hair growth cycle are four phases: Anagen, Catagen, Telogen and Exogen. At any given point in time, each hair is in a different phase. Multiple factors can disrupt the hair growth cycle, including genetics, medical illness, diet, stress, and environment. When one or more triggers occur, hair can shed excessively, thin, or fall out.


Hair is made of protein cells called keratin and grows from the follicles on the scalp. While a strand of hair might seem thin in your hand, it has three layers:

1. Cuticle
This is the outer layer of the hair strand, which protects the cortex.

2. Cortex
The thickest layer of hair is the inner layer, which is responsible for hair strength, color and pigment, and hair texture. For example, the cortex is the reason why you have brown, thin hair or blonde, thick hair, or any combination of hair thickness and color.

3. Medulla
The third and innermost layer is extremely thin and fragile. In fact, it’s nearly invisible and is generally only prevalent in thick, coarse hair. For example, naturally blonde and thin hair do not tend to have the medulla.

How Hair Structure Impacts Men's Hair Health

The three layers of hair strands dictate your hair type. The cuticle is the cortex's bodyguard, acting as a shield against the elements and interactions between your hair and the surrounding atmosphere. In other words, the cuticle plays a significant role in your hair's health and appearance. The ability to have healthy and resilient hair requires healthy cuticles.

There are protein scales within the cuticle that overlap to lock in moisture. The healthiest hair repels water because it has a hydrophobic outer lipid layer. This thin layer is vital to the cuticle's ability to lock in nutrient-rich moisture. A closed cuticle keeps moisture in and reflects light, creating strong, shiny hair. All that moisture helps to minimize breakage and shedding.

Porosity & Hair Beauty

We often hear the term, “damaged hair,” but what does that mean exactly? When hair has damage, it happens to the outside cuticle layer. The result is a lifted cuticle with holes, scaling and cracks. These symptoms often accompany the term, “porous hair.”

When hair looks dry or dull, it’s likely due to high hair porosity. When cuticles have trouble retaining moisture, it creates “weathered” hair, meaning it isn’t reflecting light, lacks shine, and may have split ends and breakage. Ready to close the cuticle, lock in moisture and obtain soft, shiny hair? We thought so!

Porosity & Hair Beauty

What about damaged hair that easily breaks? Any damage or breakage is the result of a lifted cuticle containing holes, scaling, and cracks. These symptoms typically mean the hair is porous and looks flat, dull, and dry. Ultimately, the cuticle isn't receiving enough moisture. Hair looks weathered because it's unable to retain moisture, and reflect light. The solution? The cuticles need to lock in moisture to look healthy, full, and shiny.

Moisture & Hair Beauty

Shiny hair isn't exclusive to women. We all want healthy-looking hair, and shine is a reflection of a moisturized cuticle. Is the solution as simple as using moisturizing products to restore the cuticle's ability to repel water and retain moisture? That depends: a moisturizer must either improve or maintain hydration. With this in mind, moisturizers fall into three categories: 

Products that act as a seal to prevent water loss so the cuticle can retain moisture. 

Moisturizers that attract moisture to the hair and result in softer, more elastic, less brittle hair.

Provide a protective shield that smooths the cuticle and repels moisture. Too much can weigh hair down and make it look thinner, while too little creates dehydration, static, and increased frizz.


Is your hair dry, brittle, or lacking volume and fullness? Your hair's cuticles might be open, meaning your hair is losing valuable moisture. It's vital to achieve the right moisture balance, which is why Daniel Alain created INTACT, a root securing blend of emollients (the protective shield), and humectants (the moisture-attractor).

INTACT Anti Hair Shedding Treatment includes rich coconut fatty acids that help the cuticle lay flat, reflect light, and enhance shine. And you won't have to worry about it weighing your hair down; coconut fatty acids retain moisture and nourish the hair thanks to their low molecular weight.

Hair is more than part of your appearance; it's the glue that solidifies the relationship between self-image and internal strength.


Intact Anti-Hair Shedding Treatment

Anti Hair Shedding Treatment

Starts at $27

René Wig

 Minoxidil Response Test


protection brush set

Protection Brush Set


Based on 30 reviews
Daniel Alain
Jennifer Rose
Love my Follea Rene - and the amazing customer service!

I considered purchasing a wig for years as my hair became increasingly thin. I finally decided the time was right and I’m so thankful to have found Follea. I purchased the Rene 12 inch in Caramel Latte and I absolutely love it – both the color and style are perfect. Stylist consultant, Tracy Romo, was so incredibly supportive and knowledgeable -- she walked me through every step of the process. She assisted with measurements and answered all of my questions via video calls. I can’t say enough about the amazing customer service I experienced from beginning to end. Tracy guided me in the right direction every step of the way, even sending me helpful videos and styling tips. I honestly couldn’t be happier with my experience.

Daniel Alain
M. Terese Weir
Easy Beauty!

My Follea Style (6-11) is in all honesty the most comfortable wig I've ever worn - and I hate anything on my head! This wig just... goes where it's supposed to, no pulling it this way or that, no realizing your doggone wig is crooked.. AFTER you walk in to work. This success is in no small part to the Fit Kit I was sent to make sure of my size. 😊

Also, to say the hair is beautiful gives beauty a bad name. The hair is stunning. (I wear color Latte.) My consultant, Ashley, virtually took my hand to guide me through the process of buying my wig. Her help was and still is invaluable.

My hairdresser is very comfortable styling wigs. She created just the right "style" for my Style. That said, even straight from the box, Follea rocks!

Reading your Follea experience warms our hearts, our goal and mission is to help women all over the world feel beautiful, confident and like their best self. Ashley is an amazing and knowlegable guide, that will continue to be with you on your hair journey!

We invite you to join our @Follea community on Instagram, to learn best practices for your new Follea.

Thank you very much!


Daniel Alain Team

Daniel Alain
Kimberlee Bluhm
Wig #6

The ready to wear wig I received from Daniel Alain is beautiful. The packaging was so respectful of the wig. So impressed. I called with questions before purchasing and the staff was very kind and respectful as Loosing my hair was so unexpected and stressful. Thank you for wonderful customer service and a beautiful wig. So many compliments on how it makes me look. Thank you.

We are honored and so glad to hear you had a pleasant experience! Thank you or trusting us to help you during your hair-loss journey.

Thank you !

I had an amazing experience with purchasing a wig with Follea.
I can’t say enough about Tracy and the VIP service I got from her. She was always there on the other side of the phone , no matter what day or time and help me every step of the way!
I have never had such great customer service in any of the other leading wig companies I bought wigs from. Hands down the best!
Thank you

Thank you very much for sharing - it means the world to know that you had an exceptional experience with Tracy.

Daniel Alain
Patty McKenna
Amazing Personalized treatment

What a wonderful experience I had. Tracy was so sweet and kind and found me the perfect wig. Her patience and understanding when I couldn't decide exactly what I wanted , and finding me the perfect wig and answering all my crazy questions. I left with such a beautiful wig. Thank you again Tracy ♥️♥️

Thank you so much for your kind words. We are so happy Tracy was able to assist you on your hair journey!

Daniel Alain
Kim sissons
Tracy Romo is a life changer!

When you first go through your personal hair loss journey, you go through so many emotions and sometimes you get desperate. People like to take advantage of those searching for an answer. After making a very costly mistake, Tracy was a game changer for me! She was amazing, very knowledgeable and helped me understand what to look for, how to ensure I got the right size, face timed me to measure and ensure it was correct. I cannot say enough amazing things about Tracy, and my amazing Follea wig.

Kim, Thank you so much for taking the time to share your experience Daniel Alain. It warms our heart to hear to Tracy was such a positive impact. We would love to see your new hair debut, tag us on instagram @Follea.

Daniel Alain
Style 10 Inch Color 5005 Macchiato (comes with a soft rooting)

This is my first wig but not my first attempt with alternative hair. Its been a journey and one I knew I wanted to take with Follea. I was not wrong. The hair is silky soft and beautifully shiny. The staff is great and wonderful to work with. Their online consultation process is just what I needed. I received sample caps to try on to determine which size is the right size for me. I received color swatches as well to make the color selection process was a breeze. It does make a difference to see to the colors in person, dont be afraid to ask for color swatches. To see them against the light or while your home is worth it. All this happened after the online consultation, which was simple and fun. The rep provided samples of everything, explained the differences with each one. This helped me make a decision on what was right for me. Getting the samples of the wig caps and color swatches was a fun part of the experience but it also made me feel good about my decisions. I often worry about getting the wrong size and color. Once I was set ( and yes I changed my mind a bit) we went forward with the order. After I received my wig and cut the lace, the team was still there to help me with any questions I had.

Overall a great online purchasing experience. Once I received my Follea, I instantly knew this was it for me. I loved it and I was confident to wear it out.

Feeling Myself and Happy with a beautiful Follea Style, 10", Irish Cream

There are no words to fully express how grateful I am for finding Follea and meeting Janet. Her kindness combined with a professional, yet so gentle, advice helped me to find my beautiful natural looking European hair. Janet patiently showed me different styles and sizes (my head is so small!). She has never pushed me to anything. Only offered support and help on the way to my decision, and eventually ordered (incredibly urgently) the right size. I wish all patients to meet someone like Janet on their way! Before I found Follea, I faced a few horrible pushy people who wanted to make money of my sensitive, fragile situation of suddenly losing hair.
Today, I can face the Universe with a smile, again. I am back to work and normal life, interacting with people, attending important business meetings. Letting my health recover in calm confident state.
Thank You to Follea and Janet. May the Blessing and Kindness come back to You Multiplied Million Times.
I am already thinking of ordering a second Follea Style (bit longer this time). Every girl needs a special occasion HAIR! I have found mine.

Daniel Alain
erin graff
Looooove me some FOLLEA!!!

Girl I love my new wig!!!!!! I feel like Beyoncé wearing it, you can’t even tell that it’s a wig! My confidence is an all new high and I feel fierce. Thanks to Janet for making my hair dreams come true. Xoxoxo

Daniel Alain
Heather L
Follea's Petite

Recently, I bought the Petite in Chai Latte blonde with a natural-looking darker root and customized my piece by adding a few wispy bangs. If you are like me and try to stretch the length of time between washes to prevent an itchy scalp and breakage, this little priceless gem is a quick four clips away from a good hair day.

Daniel Alain
Diane B.
Great Customer Services

Great customer services! Received in a timely manner. Very happy with my topper, especially after I trimmed bangs and length to fix my own hair.

Hello Diane,

Thank you so much for taking the time out of your day to write this review for us. We are very happy to receive your feedback. Please tag us #danielalain in any photos we'd love to share your amazing look on our website and/or social media platforms.
Feel free to contact us at 1.949.706.9880 or